Parkinson’s disease is said to be one of the most common neurodegenerative disorder.

The condition is associated with substantial burden sides, the affected and the family (Massano & Bhatia, 2012).


Various studies have been conducted yet the cause of the disease is still unknown. However, compound interactions between genetic and environmental factors are engaged. Regarding motor understand, PD is characterized by the clinical syndrome that is naturally called parkinsonism, which includes the cordial features (Massano & Bhatia, 2012).

On the other hand, the disease tends to damage the nerve cells in the brain that has the role in the production of the dopamine. Symptoms of the disease may include alterations in the speech, tremors, rigidity of the muscle. Additionally, no universal cure has been developed for the disease. However, some clinical interventions and strategies can be used to relieve the symptoms (Massano & Bhatia, 2012).

Therefore, Suitable efforts should be performed to achieve the accurate diagnosis, communicate a plausible prognosis to the patient and family, and proceed with the best therapeutic interventions (Massano & Bhatia, 2012). Remarkable progress has been made in the last two decades in the field of genetics, pathophysiology, and clinical imaging, but the diagnosis of PD still sits inevitably on clinical skills and exploration, which emphasizes the importance of a solid clinical knowledge about the disease (Massano & Bhatia, 2012)


Massano, J., & Bhatia, K. P. (2012). Clinical Approach to Parkinson’s Disease: Features, Diagnosis, and Principles of Management. Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine, 2(6), a008870.