POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER

Definition

PTSD is s psychiatric disorder that results from the experience or witnessing of traumatic or life-threatening events.

An event becomes traumatic when it is very life-threatening. The disease involves the exposure to trauma from single events that may cause death or serious injury. These events that my case PTSD include crimes, natural disasters, accidents, sexual violence, domestic violence, and other threats to the life. PTSD has complex psychobiological affects, which can damage a person’s daily life and be life threatening. In light of current events a sharp rise in patients with PTSD diagnosis is expected in the next decade (Iribarren et al. 2005).

Signs and Symptoms.

The most symptoms of PTSD are the re-experiencing symptoms. This includes the flashbacks in which the person acts or feels as if the events are re-happening, nightmares, repetitive and distressing intrusive images. In children, signs of hyper-arousal include hypervigilance of the threat, exaggerated startle responses, and difficulty in concentration and change in sleeping habits. Further symptoms of PTSD can lead to a considerable distress and can significantly interfere with social, educational and occupational functioning.

During diagnosis, adult must have presented the following signs one-month earlier:

  1. Re-occurrences of the past events
  2. Arousal symptoms
  3. Cognition and mood symptoms.

References:

Iribarren, J., Prolo, P., Neagos, N., & Chiappelli, F. (2005). Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Evidence-Based Research for the Third Millennium. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2(4), 503–512. http://doi.org/10.1093/ecam/neh127

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